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Clemence TRICAUD (UCLA Anderson School of Management) – “Gender and Electoral Incentives : Evidence from Crisis Response”

June 11 @ 12:15 pm - 1:30 pm

Applied Micro Seminar : Every Tuesday
Time: 12:15 pm – 13:30 pm
Date : 11th of June :

Room : 3001


Clemence TRICAUD (UCLA Anderson School of Management) – Gender and Electoral Incentives: Evidence from Crisis Response


Abstract :

This paper provides new evidence on why men and women leaders make different choices. We first use a simple political agency model to illustrate how voters’ gender bias can lead reelection-seeking female politicians to undertake different policies. We then test the model’s predictions by exploring leaders’ responses to COVID-19. Assuming that voters expect policies to be less effective if decided by women, the model predicts that female politicians undertake less containment effort than male politicians when voters perceive the threat as low, while the opposite is true when voters perceive it as serious. Exploiting Brazilian close elections, we find that, early in the pandemic, female mayors were less likely to close non-essential businesses and female-led municipalities experienced more deaths per capita, while the reverse was true later on, once the health consequences materialized. These results are exclusively driven by mayors facing reelection and stronger in municipalities with greater gender discrimination.



Organizers :

Pierre Boyer (Pôle d’économie du CREST)
Benoit SCHMUTZ (Pôle d’économie du CREST)
Clément MALGOUYRES (Pôle d’économie du CREST)